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應用于不同流體介質的閥門材料選用表

時間:2012-6-19 8:41:59 來源:http://www.vqafld.tw 作者:三精閥門 閱讀次數:1705
三精閥門技術部]本閥門材料選用表是用來大致指出與某種流體介質接觸而發生反應時,應如何選擇適當的材料。表中的推薦不是絕對的,因為碳鋼,鑄鐵,不銹鋼,青銅,蒙乃爾合金,哈氏合金,鈦,鈷鉻合金,沉淀鋼等閥門材料的耐腐蝕性與流體的濃度、溫度、壓力和雜質等因素有關。因此,必須強調本表只能作為一個導則參考。

 

流體介質

閥門材料

碳鋼

鑄鐵

302

304


316


青銅









B





C





20





﹟6

416


440C


17-4
PH


乙醛
醋酸(無氣的)
醋酸(充氣的)
醋酸蒸氣
丙酮

A
C
C
C
A

A
C
C
C
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
B
A
B
A

A
B
A
B
A

LL
A
A
LL
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
B
A

LL
A
A
A
A

LL
A
A
A
A

A
C
C
C
A

A
C
C
C
A

A
B
B
B
A

乙炔
乙醇
硫酸鋁

氯化銨

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
A
A
B

A
A
A
A
B

LL
A
B
C
B

A
A
B
A
B

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

LL
A
A
A
A

A
A
LL
A
B

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
LL
LL
LL

硝酸銨
磷酸銨(一價的)
硫酸銨
亞硫酸銨
苯胺

A
C
C
C
C

C
C
C
C
C

A
A
B
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

C
B
B
C
C

C
B
A
C
B

A
A
A
LL
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

C
B
C
B
C

B
B
C
B
C

LL
LL
LL
LL
LL

瀝青
啤酒

苯甲酸
硼酸

A
B
A
C
C

A
B
A
C
C

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
LL
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

LL
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
LL
A

A
B
A
A
B

A
B
A
A
B

A
A
A
A
LL

丁烷
氯化鈣(堿的)
次氯酸鈣
石碳酸
二氧化碳(干的)

A
B
C
B
A

A
B
C
B
A

A
C
B
A
A

A
B
B
A
A

A
C
B
A
A

A
A
B
A
A

A
A
C
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

LL
A
A
A
A

A
LL
LL
A
A

A
C
C
LL
A

A
C
C
LL
A

A
LL
LL
LL
A

二氧化碳(濕的)
二硫化碳
四氯化碳
碳酸
氯,氣體(干的)

C
A
B
C
A

C
A
B
C
A

A
A
B
B
B

A
A
B
B
B

A
C
A
B
B

A
B
A
A
A

A
A
B
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
LL
C

A
A
LL
LL
B

A
B
C
A
C

A
B
A
A
C

A
LL
LL
A
C

氯,氣體(濕的)
液氯
鉻酸
檸檬酸
焦爐氣

C
C
C
LL
A

C
C
C
C
A

C
C
C
B
A

C
C
B
A
A

C
B
C
A
B

C
C
A
B
B

C
C
C
A
A

B
A
A
A
A

C
B
C
A
A

A
C
A
A
A

B
B
B
LL
A

C
C
C
B
A

C
C
C
B
A

C
C
C
B
A

硫酸銅
棉子油
雜酚油
乙烷
乙醚

C
A
A
A
B

C
A
A
A
B

B
A
A
A
A

B
A
A
A
A

B
A
A
A
A

C
A
A
A
A

LL
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
LL
A
A

LL
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

氯乙烷
乙烯
乙二醇
氯化鐵
甲醛

C
A
A
C
B

C
A
A
C
B

A
A
A
C
A

A
A
A
C
A

A
A
A
C
A

A
A
A
C
A

A
A
LL
C
A

A
A
LL
B
A

A
A
A
C
A

A
A
LL
A
A

A
A
A
B
A

B
A
A
C
A

B
A
A
C
A

LL
A
A
LL
A

甲酸
氟里昂(濕的)
氟里昂(干的)
糖醛
汽油(精制的)

LL
B
B
A
A

C
B
B
A
A

B
B
A
A
A

B
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

C
A
A
A
A

B
A
A
A
A

C
LL
LL
B
A

C
LL
LL
B
A

B
LL
LL
LL
A

葡萄糖
鹽酸(充氣的)
鹽酸(無氣的)
氫氟酸(充氣的)
氫氟酸(無氣的)

A
C
C
B
A

A
C
C
C
C

A
C
C
C
C

A
C
C
B
B

A
C
C
C
C

A
C
C
C
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
B
B
A
A

A
C
C
B
B

A
C
C
C
C

A
B
B
B
LL

A
C
C
C
C

A
C
C
C
C

A
C
C
C
LL


過氧化氫
硫化氫(液體)
氫氧化鎂

A
LL
C
A
A

A
A
C
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
C
C
B
C

A
A
C
A
B

A
B
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
A
B
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
LL
A
A
A

A
B
C
A
A

A
B
C
A
A

A
LL
LL
LL
B

甲醇
甲乙酮
牛奶
天然氣
硝酸

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
C
A
C

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
B

A
A
A
A
C

A
A
A
A
C

A
A
A
A
C

A
A
A
A
B

A
A
A
A
A

A
LL
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
C

A
A
C
A
C

B
A
C
A
C

A
A
C
A
B

油酸
草酸

石油(精制的)
磷酸(充氣的)

C
C
A
A
C

C
C
A
A
C

A
B
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

B
B
A
A
C

A
B
A
A
C

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
B

A
B
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
C

B
B
A
A
C

LL
LL
A
A
LL

磷酸(無氣的)
磷酸蒸氣
苦味酸
氯化鉀
氫氧化鉀

C
C
C
B
B

C
C
C
B
B

A
B
A
A
A

A
B
A
A
A

C
C
C
B
B

B
C
C
B
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
LL
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

B
B
LL
A
A

A
C
LL
LL
LL

C
C
B
C
B

C
C
B
C
B

LL
LL
LL
LL
LL

丙烷
松香
硝酸銀
醋酸鈉
碳酸鈉

A
B
C
A
A

A
B
C
A
A

A
A
A
B
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
C
A
A

A
A
C
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
LL
A
A
A

A
A
B
A
A

A
A
B
A
B

A
A
B
A
B

A
A
LL
A
A

氯化鈉
鉻酸鈉
氫氧化鈉
次氯酸鈉
硫代硫酸鈉

C
A
A
C
C

C
A
A
C
C

B
A
A
C
A

B
A
A
C
A

A
A
C
B-C
C

A
A
A
B-C
C

A
A
A
C
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
B
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
LL
LL

B
A
B
C
B

B
A
B
C
B

B
A
A
LL
LL

氯化亞錫
硬脂酸
硫酸鹽溶液(黑的)

二氧化硫(干的)

B
A
A
A
A

B
C
A
A
A

C
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

C
B
C
C
A

B
B
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
B

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

LL
B
A
A
A

C
B
LL
A
B

C
B
LL
A
B

LL
LL
LL
A
LL

三氧化碳(干的)
硫酸(充氣的)
硫酸(無氣的)
亞硫酸
焦油

A
C
C
C
A

A
C
C
C
A

A
C
C
B
A

A
C
C
B
A

A
C
B
B
A

A
C
B
C
A

B
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
B
B
A
A

A
B
B
B
A

B
C
C
C
A

B
C
C
C
A

LL
C
C
LL
A

三氯乙烯
松節油

水(鍋爐給水)
水(蒸餾的)

B
B
C
B
A

B
B
C
C
A

B
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
B
C
A

A
B
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

A
A
LL
A
A

A
A
A
A
A

B
A
C
B
B

B
A
C
A
B

LL
A
A
A
LL

海水
威士忌酒和葡萄酒
氯化鋅
硫酸鋅

B
C
C
C

B
C
C
C

B
A
C
A

B
A
C
A

A
A
C
B

A
B
C
A

A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A

A
A
A
A

A
A
B
A

C
C
C
B

C
C
C
B

A
LL
LL
LL

符號:A - 能夠或正被成功應用
            B - 應用過程應注意
           C - 不能應用
         LL - 缺乏資料
蒙乃爾合金— Monel
哈氏合金B(C) — Hastelloy“B”、(“C”)
不銹鋼﹟20 — Durimet20
鈷—鉻合金﹟6 — Alloy6(Co-Cr)

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